Kelvin Hughes

Situational Intelligence, The World Over

Wildlife and Game Reserve Solutions

Wildlife & Game Reserve Solutions

Kelvin Hughes provides complete radar based solutions for the protection of wildlife and game reserves.

Systems can be deployed as a single SharpEye™ SxV mobile radar integrated into a self-contained trailer with electro optic camera system deployed via our innovative Single Mast Solution (SMS).

With a SharpEye™ radar as the primary detection sensor, game reserve wardens and security agencies are able to monitor, intercept threats and protect game reserves from poaching and monitor wildlife in remote and difficult to access locations over long ranges. The trailer based solution enables frequent and easy movement of location as determined poachers will do.

Complete single or multi node situational awareness can be developed through a Detect, Recognise, Identify and Classify methodology and the evolving picture controlled using the Kelvin Hughes control and interface software CxEye™.

For more information on Wildlife and Game Reserve Solutions

SharpEye™ Solid State X-Band Pulse Doppler Radar

SharpEye™ radar technology is ideally suited to creating a situational awareness picture over areas of game reserves and other sensitive wildlife areas.

Solid state radar ensures extremely high reliability. The radar can be deployed as manned security patrol or unmanned and the transceiver has no service or maintenance requirements.

Operating in the X-Band frequency differentiates SharpEye™ from most other ground surveillance radars as this frequency is significantly less affected by rain, sea, snow, sand, dust and other forms of clutter. Due to their higher frequency Ku, K and Ka Bands are more susceptible to clutter.

SharpEye™ transmits a low power patented pulse sequence, which enables short, medium and long range radar returns to be detected simultaneously, allowing the radar operator to maintain situational awareness regardless of the range or zoom setting of the radar display software. X-Band pulse radar has other benefits too including an excellent long and short range capability unlike FMCW or microwave sensors which are typically limited to shorter ranges.

SharpEye X-Band

Doppler processing of radar returns provides coherent information concerning target velocity (radial) and enable the detection of very small and slow moving objects and targets with a low Radar Cross Section (RCS) and through a series of electronic filters is able to distinguish between the targets of interest and land and environmental clutter such as grass blowing in the wind and heavy rain or sand storms.

SharpEye™ Long Range X-Band transmitters are the first in their class to employ Gallium Nitride (GaN) power transistor technology. The significant performance benefits of GaN transistors have been harnessed to directly improve the performance of the radar.

Other differentiating technologies include Moving Target Detection (MTD) providing enhanced clutter suppression at the Doppler processing stage and pulse compression of the return signal enabling a low transmit power providing efficient use of the radar. Other Doppler radars may employ less advanced techniques such as Moving Target Indication (MTI) which does not take full advantage of the radial velocity information. Pulse compression is not possible for example with FMCW radars.

SharpEye™ SxV

A high performance, lightweight, mobile and deployable self-contained radar, weighing less than 20kg, SharpEye™ SxV can be transported by personnel on foot, vehicle or deployed on a single mast on the ground or from a trailer. With only one cable connection, installation is simple and reliable.

The radome enclosed unit consists of an antenna providing 360 degree coverage, a low power variant of the SharpEye™ solid state X-Band transceiver, GPS and it is environmentally sealed to IP67 to work in extreme cold, hot and wet conditions.

Whether the radar is being deployed as part of a multi node system on fixed towers and masts or utilised as a mobile radar sensor positioned at frequently changing and possible remote positions within a wildlife or game reserve, SharpEye™ SxV will provide all weather, day and night detection of areas of interest and also maintain tracking of targets in a specific area.

The radar provides situational awareness information to the Kelvin Hughes radar control and display software CxEye™ and can easily be paired with electro optical camera sensors utilising the Kelvin Hughes SMS. CxEye™ also displays the camera information in the same picture as the radar.

SharpEye™ Long Range

The SharpEye™ Long Range solid state high performance X-Band radar is designed for easy installation on a choice of platforms, with either a fixed or telescopic mast system or installation on fixed infrastructure, providing long range surveillance for open areas, remote borders and unmarked national borders.

Deployable as a single surveillance unit or part of a multi node radar system SharpEye™ Long Range will operate continuously in all weather conditions day and night and can be operated autonomously under remote supervision. The unit is rated to IP67 and work in extreme weather and temperature conditions including high winds, heavy rain, snow and high and low temperatures.

Designed to be elevated high up to provide long range national border surveillance and situational awareness, the system comprises a self-contained turning unit which also houses the SharpEye™ X-Band radar transceiver, and a 5.5m low profile antenna to provide 360 degree coverage.

By including the SharpEye™ radar transceiver in the turning unit housing, waveguide is not needed to be routed down the elevating structure such as a scissor lift platform. With the radar processing carried out in the transceiver there is no signal degradation.

Various systems can be used to deploy the radar from lattice towers and trailer based scissor lifts to ISO containers for both remote and manned operation.

The radar provides situational awareness information to the Kelvin Hughes radar control and display software CxEye™ and can easily be paired with electro optical camera sensors. CxEye™ also displays the camera information in the same picture as the radar.

CxEye™ Software

CxEye™ - the Kelvin Hughes control and display software, integrates multiple sensors, such as radars and cameras, into a single, easy to use display package.

The software is a simple system incorporating track fusion of multiple sensors, slew to cue of radar to camera, mapping functionality and a target priority tote, all presented on touch screen capable software. The software is extremely intuitive and requires little training.

Providing radar tracks, geo-referenced on a selection of mapping tools, the system can also fuse tracks from multiple radar heads into one user-friendly display.

CxEye Software

Wildlife and game reserve surveillance can be achieved instantaneously, with reporting of threats achieved automatically or through user-determined parameters.

Radar tracks in different domains, displayed in an easy to understand format, will assist the user in evaluating and coordinating a response through a detect, recognise, identify and then classify methodology.

CxEye™ is capable of the seamless and automatic integration of a range of complementary sensors. Most commonly, electro optical sensors can be paired with the radar using a slew to cue functionality.

Information from any additionally fitted sensors can be processed to give the operator real time imagery and data to assist in picture compilation and threat assessment.

Passing of radar tracks and additional data is achieved through a range of communications options determined by the operational requirement. Multiple iterations of CxEye™ can be integrated to build a wider surveillance network with data and communications passed automatically to ensure a real time response capability.

Methods of Deployment

Kelvin Hughes will discuss with the customer how it wishes to conduct surveillance and develop security in the wildlife or game reserve and advise on the best methods of deployment of the radar and electro optic sensor selection.

A common method of deployment includes SharpEye™ SxV radar and camera co-located on a single mast using the Kelvin Hughes SMS unit and a pneumatic telescopic mast. The advantage of this approach is that the radar and cameras can be deployed quickly on a single mast with one cable connection giving 360 degree pan and tilt capability with no blind arcs. The mast can be supported on a tripod, integrated into a trailer solution or integrated into a vehicle.

A portable tripod mount is available for man portable deployment where the SharpEye™ SxV sensor is mounted directly onto the tripod. Power and Ethernet connections come from a single loom and are connected to a ruggedised laptop running the CxEye™ radar control software.

SharpEye™ SxV can also be directly mounted to a vehicle. For SharpEye™ Long Range radar deployment, a number of options are possible depending on the Customer's surveillance and security requirements.

Trailer systems for semi-permanent deployment are also possible, where the platform is configured with a scissor lift for deploying the radar, generator and a small air conditioned surveillance cubicle for on site manning.

Power and Communications

Kelvin Hughes can advise the customer on suitable power and communications systems required to provide situational awareness information to other locations and command centres. Depending on the application and customer requirements Kelvin Hughes can be the primary supplier or work with the customer and integrator:

  • Ruggedised batteries for mobile and man portable applications.
  • Solar panel, charge and battery system for mast mounted radar systems.
  • Portable generators.
  • Microwave and satellite communication links both portable and fixed depending on the deployment method.
  Specifications subject to change without notice.
CxEye™ Display & Interface Software
  • Large Radar Display Area, Overlaid on Map or Aerial Imagery
  • Up to 4 Radar Inputs
  • Thresholding
  • Selectable Radar Video Visibility
  • Pan and Zoom Enabled Radar Display
  • Programmable Colour for All Channels
  • Programmable Persistence
Camera Control
  • Slew to Cue to Selectable Targets
  • Joystick and Onscreen Control of Camera
  • Customisable Acquisition Zoom Levels Based on Distance and Speed of Target
  • Tilt and Roll Compensation
  • Integration of Multiple Video Cameras
  • Picture in Picture Display from Dual Head Cameras
  • Cameras Displayed and Selectable on Map Display
  • Acquisition and Display of Target Snapshots
  • Network Distribution
Threat Evaluation
  • Target Tote of Top Ten Threats
  • Customisable Threat Evaluation Parameters Including:
    • Target Speed
    • Target Distance
    • Target Classification
    • Target Type
    • Target Position E.G. in Alarm Areas
  • Target Parameter Weighting User Interface
Tracking and Target Information
  • Multi Hypothesis Track Extraction from Radar Video
  • Track Fusion from Multiple Local and Remote Track Sources
  • User Definable Trail Lengths
  • Editable Target Data, Including Name, Type, Classification
  • Latest Target Snapshot Attached to Target Data
  • Intuitive Target Type Icons
  • Target Classification Colour Code
Map Display
  • Zoomable Map Displays
  • Multiple High Quality Street Maps and Aerial Imagery
  • Integrated Bing Maps
  • Supports Raster Maps
  • Targets Overlaid on Referenced Map
  • Map Range Scale Graticule
  • Graphical Alarm / Blanking Area Selection Tool
  • Distance Measuring Between Targets and Areas of Interest
  • Radar Input Via LAN
  • Radar Control Via LAN
  • Track Distribution Over LAN
  • Accepts Input from Multiple Track Extractors
  • Easy Integration of Other Sensors Via TTM Messages
  • Outputs to Video Tracker Via TTM Messages
  • Supports Pelco-D Extended Camera Interface
  • Supports Proprietary Camera Interfaces
  • Camera Control Over LAN or RS232/422/485
  • Compatible with all Directshow Enabled Camera Interfaces
Hardware Compatibility
  • Compatible with Standard PC Hardware
  • Touchscreen Enabled
  • Designed for High Definition Displays
  • Compatible with Low Definition Displays from 800x600 Pixels (Auto Scaling)
  • Min Recommended Hardware Requirements
    • Intel I5 Processor
    • 2GB RAM
    • NVIDIA GeForce GT240 Graphics
    • Windows 7 or Windows 8, 32 or 64 BIT
Radar Features SharpEye™ SXV SharpEye™ Long Range
Resilience SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Resistant to Jamming    
Resistant to Interference    
Clutter Suppression SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Doppler Processing    
RF Frequency Variation    
Rapid Deployment SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Simple Mounting Options    
Integrated Transceiver    
Integrated GPS 25 Sec. (5 Sec. from Standby) 25 Sec. (5 Sec. from Standby)
Fast Radar Power Up    
Ultra-High Reliability SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Solid State Electronics    
Graceful Degradation    
Concurrent Long and Short Range Detection    
Continuous System Health Monitor and Built in Self Test    
Gigabit Ethernet Radar Output    
Automatic Acquisition of Air and Surface Targets    
360° and Sector Scanning    
Waveforms SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Peak Power 80W 200W
Pulsed, Coherent    
Automatic Power Optimisation    
Signal Processing SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Pulse Compression    
Pulse Doppler    
Adaptive Clutter Suppression    
Connectivity SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Asterix Cat 240 Protocol    
Radar Video Data Output Over LAN    
Dimensions / Space Requirements Ø585mm X 312mm Ø5593mm X 765mm
Power Supply +19-32V DC Transceiver 115/220V AC
100-250V AC Converter Option Motor 220/440V AC
Power Consumption 150W 1650W
Radar Performance SharpEye™ SxV SharpEye™ Long Range
Antenna 522mm Rotating Array 5.5M Slotted Waveguide
Detection Range Walking Man 5km Car 11km
Car 15km Helicopter 35km
Range Discrimination 45m 23m
Range Accuracy 5m RMS 5m RMS
Azimuth Accuracy 0.8° RMS 0.46° RMS
Number of Tracks Dependant on Display Option Dependant on Display Option
Probability of False Alarm 10-4 Pfa 10-4 Pfa
Moving Target Detection Up to 128 Filters Up to 32 Filters
Constant False Alarm Rate Yes Yes
Weight 20kg 145kg
Environmental IP67
-25°C TO +55°C
IEC 60945 / BS EN 62252
(EMC, Vibration, Climatic)
-40°C TO +55°C
Reliability Up to 50,000 Hours MTBF UP TO 150,000 Hours MTBF
Frequency Band 9.22 - 9.38GHz 9.22 - 9.38GHz
Frequency Selection 9 User Selectable 9 User Selectable
Instrumented Range 44km 89km
Azimuth Beam Width <4.0° @ -3dB 0.45° @ -3dB
Elevation Beam Width 25° 25°