Kelvin Hughes

Base Protection Solutions

Base Protection

Kelvin Hughes provides radar based security solutions for the protection of military base perimeters. Whether a Forward Operating Base (FOB), military installation or military airbase SharpEye™ SxV radar deployed on a Kelvin Hughes Single Mast Solution (SMS) combining electro optic slew to cue cameras provides 360 degree surveillance of a perimeter.

A radar security solution from Kelvin Hughes can provide tracking of friendly and hostile targets several kilometres out from the base perimeter, establishing an extended early warning perimeter.

With a high threat level to most military bases from individual persons, vehicles attempting to breach a wall or fence or drones flown past the perimeter, radar based security can provide the time needed to determine a response.

A complete single or multi node situational awareness capability of a military base can be developed through a Detect, Recognise, Identify and Classify methodology and the evolving picture controlled using the Kelvin Hughes control and interface software CxEye™.

For more information on Base Protection

SharpEye™ Solid State X-Band Pulse Doppler Radar

Utilising SharpEye™ radar technology as a means of providing military base protection, complete 360 degree situational awareness is achieved and an extended security perimeter implemented out to several kilometres. SharpEye™ ensures base protection through a clever combination of radar techniques designed to provide the best performance in all conditions whilst also providing the flexibility to be optimised for specific detection needs.

Solid state radar ensures extremely high reliability. The radar can be deployed unmanned and the transceiver has no service or maintenance requirements.

Operating in the X-Band frequency differentiates SharpEye™ from most other ground surveillance radars as this frequency is significantly less affected by rain, sea, snow, sand and dust storms and other forms of clutter. Ku, K and Ka band due to the higher frequency is more susceptible to clutter.

SharpEye™ transmits a patented pulse sequence, which enables short, medium and long range radar returns to be detected simultaneously, the radar operator therefore maintains situational awareness regardless of the range or zoom setting of the radar display software. X-Band pulse radar has other benefits too, including an excellent long and short range capability unlike FMCW or microwave sensors which are typically limited to shorter ranges.

SharpEye Single Mast

Doppler processing of radar returns provides coherent information concerning target velocity (radial) and enable the detection of very small and slow moving objects and targets with a low Radar Cross Section (RCS) and through a series of electronic filters is able to distinguish between the targets of interest and land and environmental clutter such as grass blowing in the wind and heavy rain or sand storms.

Other differentiating technologies include Moving Target Detection (MTD) providing enhanced clutter suppression at the Doppler processing stage and pulse compression of the return signal enabling a low transmit power providing efficient use of the radar and reducing the probability of detection by ESM equipment. Other Doppler radars may employ less advanced techniques such as Moving Target Indication (MTI) which does not take full advantage of the radial velocity information. Pulse compression is not possible for example with FMCW radars.

SharpEye™ SxV

A high performance, lightweight, mobile and deployable self-contained radar, weighing less than 20kg, SharpEye™ SxV can be transported by personnel on foot, vehicle or deployed on a single mast. With only one cable connection, installation is simple and reliable.

The radome enclosed unit consists of an antenna providing 360 degree coverage, a low power variant of the SharpEye™ solid state X-Band transceiver, GPS and it is environmentally sealed to IP67 to work in extreme cold, hot and wet conditions.

Whether the radar is being deployed as part of a multi node system on fixed towers and masts or utIlised as a mobile radar sensor positioned at frequently changing and possible remote positions, SharpEye™ SxV will provide all weather, day and night detection of areas of interest.

The radar provides situational awareness information to the Kelvin Hughes radar control and display software CxEye™ and can easily be paired with electro optical camera sensors utilising the Kelvin Hughes SMS. CxEye™ also displays the camera information in the same picture as the radar.

CxEye™ Software

CxEye™ - the Kelvin Hughes control and display software, integrates multiple sensors, such as radars and cameras, into a single, easy to use display package.

The software is a simple command and control system incorporating track fusion of multiple sensors, slew to cue of radar to camera, mapping functionality and a target priority tote, all presented on touch screen capable software. The software is extremely intuitive and requires little training.

Providing radar tracks, geo-referenced on a selection of mapping tools, the system can also fuse tracks from multiple radar heads into one user-friendly display.

Base security and perimeter protection can be achieved instantaneously, with reporting of threats achieved automatically or through user-determined parameters.

Radar tracks in different domains, displayed in an easy to understand format, will assist the user in evaluating and coordinating a response through a detect, recognise, identify and then classify methodology.

CxEye™ is capable of the seamless and automatic integration of a range of complementary sensors. Most commonly, electro optical sensors can be paired with the radar using a slew to cue functionality.

Information from any additionally fitted sensors can be processed to give the operator real time imagery and data to assist in picture compilation and threat assessment.

Passing of radar tracks and additional data is achieved through a range of communications options determined by the operational requirement. Multiple iterations of CxEye™ can be integrated to build a wider surveillance network with data and communications passed automatically to ensure a real time response capability.

Methods of Deployment

Kelvin Hughes will discuss with the customer how it wishes to conduct base perimeter security and protection and advise on the best methods of deployment of the radar and electro optic sensor selection. Kelvin Hughes is electro optic sensor and other sensor agnostic and is also impartial concerning the deployment method of the radar. The customer is free to source all of the core components separately or Kelvin Hughes can act as the primary supplier of the radar, camera and mounting method.

A common method of deployment includes SharpEye™ SxV radar and camera co-located on a single mast using the Kelvin Hughes SMS unit and a pneumatic telescopic mast. The advantage of this approach is that the radar and cameras can be deployed quickly on a single mast with one cable connection giving 360 degree pan and tilt capability with no blind arcs. The mast can be supported on a tripod, integrated into a trailer solution or integrated into a vehicle.

Mil-Spec portable tripod mount is available for man portable deployment where the SharpEye™ SxV sensor is mounted directly onto the tripod. Power and Ethernet connections come from a single loom and are connected to a ruggedised laptop running the CxEye™ radar control software. A camera suited for battlefield conditions can also be connected into the CxEye™ software.

Power and Communications

Kelvin Hughes can advise the customer on suitable power and communications systems required to provide situational awareness information to other locations and command centres. Depending on the application and customer requirements Kelvin Hughes can be the primary supplier or work with the customer and integrator:

  • Military specification batteries.
  • Solar panel, charge and battery system for mast mounted radar systems.
  • Portable generators.
  • Microwave and satellite communication links both portable and fixed depending on the deployment method.
  Specifications subject to change without notice.
CxEye™ Display & Interface Software
  • Large Radar Display Area, Overlaid on Map or Aerial Imagery
  • Up to 4 Radar Inputs
  • Thresholding
  • Selectable Radar Video Visibility
  • Pan and Zoom Enabled Radar Display
  • Programmable Colour for All Channels
  • Programmable Persistence
Camera Control
  • Slew to Cue to Selectable Targets
  • Joystick and Onscreen Control of Camera
  • Customisable Acquisition Zoom Levels Based on Distance and Speed of Target
  • Tilt and Roll Compensation
  • Integration of Multiple Video Cameras
  • Picture in Picture Display from Dual Head Cameras
  • Cameras Displayed and Selectable on Map Display
  • Acquisition and Display of Target Snapshots
  • Network Distribution
Threat Evaluation
  • Target Tote of Top Ten Threats
  • Customisable Threat Evaluation Parameters Including:
    • Target Speed
    • Target Distance
    • Target Classification
    • Target Type
    • Target Position E.G. in Alarm Areas
  • Target Parameter Weighting User Interface
Tracking and Target Information
  • Multi Hypothesis Track Extraction from Radar Video
  • Track Fusion from Multiple Local and Remote Track Sources
  • User Definable Trail Lengths
  • Editable Target Data, Including Name, Type, Classification
  • Latest Target Snapshot Attached to Target Data
  • Intuitive Target Type Icons
  • Target Classification Colour Code
Map Display
  • Zoomable Map Displays
  • Multiple High Quality Street Maps and Aerial Imagery
  • Integrated Bing Maps
  • Supports Raster Maps
  • Targets Overlaid on Referenced Map
  • Map Range Scale Graticule
  • Graphical Alarm / Blanking Area Selection Tool
  • Distance Measuring Between Targets and Areas of Interest
  • Radar Input Via LAN
  • Radar Control Via LAN
  • Track Distribution Over LAN
  • Accepts Input from Multiple Track Extractors
  • Easy Integration of Other Sensors Via TTM Messages
  • Outputs to Video Tracker Via TTM Messages
  • Supports Pelco-D Extended Camera Interface
  • Supports Proprietary Camera Interfaces
  • Camera Control Over LAN or RS232/422/485
  • Compatible with all Directshow Enabled Camera Interfaces
Hardware Compatibility
  • Compatible with Standard PC Hardware
  • Touchscreen Enabled
  • Designed for High Definition Displays
  • Compatible with Low Definition Displays from 800x600 Pixels (Auto Scaling)
  • Min Recommended Hardware Requirements
    • Intel I5 Processor
    • 2GB RAM
    • NVIDIA GeForce GT240 Graphics
    • Windows 7 or Windows 8, 32 or 64 BIT
Radar Features SharpEye™ SXV
Resilience SharpEye™ SxV
Resistant to Jamming  
Resistant to Interference  
Clutter Suppression SharpEye™ SxV
Doppler Processing  
RF Frequency Variation  
Rapid Deployment SharpEye™ SxV
Simple Mounting Options  
Integrated Transceiver  
Integrated GPS 25 Sec. (5 Sec. from Standby)
Fast Radar Power Up  
Ultra-High Reliability SharpEye™ SxV
Solid State Electronics  
Graceful Degradation  
Concurrent Long and Short Range Detection  
Continuous System Health Monitor and Built in Self Test  
Gigabit Ethernet Radar Output  
Automatic Acquisition of Air and Surface Targets  
360° and Sector Scanning  
Waveforms SharpEye™ SxV
Peak Power 80W
Pulsed, Coherent  
Automatic Power Optimisation  
Signal Processing SharpEye™ SxV
Pulse Compression  
Pulse Doppler  
Adaptive Clutter Suppression  
Connectivity SharpEye™ SxV
Asterix Cat 240 Protocol  
Radar Video Data Output Over LAN  
Dimensions / Space Requirements Ø585mm X 312mm
Power Supply +19-32V DC
100-250V AC Converter Option
Power Consumption 150W
Radar Performance SharpEye™ SxV
Antenna 522mm Rotating Array
Detection Range Walking Man 5km
Car 15km
Range Discrimination 45m
Range Accuracy 5m RMS
Azimuth Accuracy 0.8° RMS
Number of Tracks Dependant on Display Option
Probability of False Alarm 10-4 Pfa
Moving Target Detection Up to 128 Filters
Constant False Alarm Rate Yes
Weight 20kg
Environmental IP67
-25°C TO +55°C
IEC 60945 / BS EN 62252
(EMC, Vibration, Climatic)
Reliability Up to 50,000 Hours MTBF
Frequency Band 9.22 - 9.38GHz
Frequency Selection 9 User Selectable
Instrumented Range 44km
Azimuth Beam Width <4.0° @ -3dB
Elevation Beam Width 25°